Analysis of Structural Equation Modeling as a Measuring Tool for Educational Management Research
In management education and psychology there are certain concepts that cannot be
well defined and then various discussions arise about the true meaning of the concept.
Concepts such as management intelligence, personality, attitudes, interests, ambitions, social
prejudice and social status are hypothetical constructs that are not available in operational
methods that can directly measure them. Concepts such as intelligence, personality, attitudes,
interests, ambitions, social prejudice, social status are hypothetical constructs that are not
available operational methods that can directly measure them. This study aims to determine the
background of the use of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), understanding SEM, basic
concepts of SEM: constructs, manifest variables, validity, reliability, factor analysis, polycoric
correlation, causal relationships, LISREL: Linear Structural Relationship, SEM procedures :
definition of variance and covariance, model specifications, model identification, model
estimation, model formation, model compatibility test, model specification, LISREL program
output. Symbols in SEM and SEM mathematical equations. The method used during this study
took place, namely using a literature study method which functions so that in research,
researchers continue to add insight.