Blockchain-based Education Project
Blockchain is a jointly distributed and decentralized ledger, in which nodes are aiming to record transaction history with very different networks. This technology is quite practical if used in the field of higher education to carry out digital certification, record keeping, etc. From several papers published on this, no single paper covering educational projects based on the blockchain can find it. So there are the latest opportunities for higher education trends. Projects in the field of higher education that are blockchain-based are aimed at solving problems that occur in educators today. On that basis, we conclude that there is a need for a systematic literature review. Therefore, based on the education project, this study will review the artistic gap between the two. This paper will focus on the protocol used in this project and explore several blockchain-based higher education projects that will be the aim of this paper. As well as analyzing the blockchain features currently in use today and the services that will be offered by existing educational projects, to improve the implementation of technology in the field of education by using the blockchain feature.
M. Conoscenti, A. Vetro, and J. C. De Martin, “Blockchain for the Internet of Things: A systematic literature review,” in 2016 IEEE/ACS 13th International Conference of Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA), 2016, pp. 1–6.
M. Crosby, P. Pattanayak, S. Verma, and V. Kalyanaraman, “Blockchain technology: Beyond bitcoin,” Appl. Innov., vol. 2, no. 6–10, p. 71, 2016.
D. Bhowmik and T. Feng, “The multimedia blockchain: A distributed and tamper-proof media transaction framework,” in 2017 22nd International Conference on Digital Signal Processing (DSP), 2017, pp. 1–5.
H. Yumna, M. M. Khan, M. Ikram, and S. Ilyas, “Use of Blockchain in Education: A Systematic Literature Review,” in Asian Conference on Intelligent Information and Database Systems, 2019, pp. 191–202.
M. B. Hoy, “An introduction to the blockchain and its implications for libraries and medicine,” Med. Ref. Serv. Q., vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 273–279, 2017.
J. Yli-Huumo, D. Ko, S. Choi, S. Park, and K. Smolander, “Where is current research on blockchain technology?—a systematic review,” PLoS One, vol. 11, no. 10, p. e0163477, 2016.
F. Agustin, Q. Aini, A. Khoirunisa, and E. A. Nabila, “Utilization of Blockchain Technology for Management E-Certificate Open Journal System,” Aptisi Trans. Manag., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 134–139, 2020.
Q. Aini, U. Rahardja, and A. Khoirunisa, “Blockchain Technology into Gamification on Education,” IJCCS (Indonesian J. Comput. Cybern. Syst., vol. 14, no. 2.
M. Yusup, Q. Aini, D. Apriani, and P. Nursaputri, “PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI BLOCKCHAIN PADA PROGRAM SERTIFIKASI DOSEN,” in SENSITIf: Seminar Nasional Sistem Informasi dan Teknologi Informasi, 2019, pp. 365–371.
P. A. Sunarya, U. Rahardja, L. Sunarya, and M. Hardini, “The Role Of Blockchain As A Security Support For Student Profiles In Technology Education Systems,” InfoTekJar J. Nas. Inform. dan Teknol. Jar., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 13–17, 2020.
S. Makridakis, A. Polemitis, G. Giaglis, and S. Louca, “Blockchain: the next breakthrough in the rapid progress of AI,” Artif. Intell. Trends Appl., pp. 197–219, 2018.
G. Albeanu, “Blockchain technology and education,” in The 12th International Conference on Virtual Learning ICVL, 2017, pp. 271–275.
J. Rooksby and K. Dimitrov, “Trustless education? A blockchain system for university grades,” in New Value Transactions: Understanding and Designing for Distributed Autonomous Organisations, Workshop at DIS, 2017.
F. Agustin, S. Syafnidawati, N. P. Lestari Santoso, and O. G. Amrikhasanah, “Blockchain-based Decentralized Distribution Management in E-Journals,” Aptisi Trans. Manag., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 107–113, 2020.
M. Vukolić, “The quest for scalable blockchain fabric: Proof-of-work vs. BFT replication,” in International workshop on open problems in network security, 2015, pp. 112–125.
S. Sudaryono, Q. Aini, N. Lutfiani, F. Hanafi, and U. Rahardja, “Application of Blockchain Technology for iLearning Student Assessment,” IJCCS (Indonesian J. Comput. Cybern. Syst., vol. 14, no. 2.
K. Biswas and V. Muthukkumarasamy, “Securing smart cities using blockchain technology,” in 2016 IEEE 18th international conference on high performance computing and communications; IEEE 14th international conference on smart city; IEEE 2nd international conference on data science and systems (HPCC/SmartCity/DSS), 2016, pp. 1392–1393.
M. Alharby and A. van Moorsel, “Blocksim: a simulation framework for blockchain systems,” ACM SIGMETRICS Perform. Eval. Rev., vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 135–138, 2019.
A. Adiyanto and R. Febrianto, “Authentication Of Transaction Process In E-marketplace Based On Blockchain technology,” Aptisi Trans. Technopreneursh., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 68–74, 2020.
G. Chen, B. Xu, M. Lu, and N.-S. Chen, “Exploring blockchain technology and its potential applications for education,” Smart Learn. Environ., vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1, 2018.
I.-C. Lin and T.-C. Liao, “A survey of blockchain security issues and challenges.,” IJ Netw. Secur., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 653–659, 2017.
A. Grech and A. F. Camilleri, “Blockchain in education.” Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2017.
E. P. Harahap, Q. Aini, and R. K. Anam, “PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI BLOCKCHAIN PADA PLATFORM CROWDFUNDING,” Technomedia J., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 199–210, 2020.
D. Mohanty, “Ethereum Use Cases,” in Ethereum for Architects and Developers, Springer, 2018, pp. 203–243.
M. Turkanović, M. Hölbl, K. Košič, M. Heričko, and A. Kamišalić, “EduCTX: A blockchain-based higher education credit platform,” IEEE access, vol. 6, pp. 5112–5127, 2018.
M. Sharples and J. Domingue, “The blockchain and kudos: A distributed system for educational record, reputation and reward,” in European conference on technology enhanced learning, 2016, pp. 490–496.
P. Ocheja, B. Flanagan, and H. Ogata, “Connecting decentralized learning records: a blockchain based learning analytics platform,” in Proceedings of the 8th international conference on learning analytics and knowledge, 2018, pp. 265–269.
T. Hepp, A. Schoenhals, C. Gondek, and B. Gipp, “OriginStamp: A blockchain-backed system for decentralized trusted timestamping,” it-Information Technol., vol. 60, no. 5–6, pp. 273–281, 2018.
“9 Blockchain Education Companies to Know | Built In.” https://builtin.com/blockchain/blockchain-education (accessed Aug. 23, 2020).
C. Soucy, “The Changing Tide of Corporate Social Responsibility,” 2018.
E. Martos Carrion, “Historico-Sociological Analysis of the Sharing Economy from its Early Digital Foundations to the Present,” 2018.
J. Martínez-Polo, J. T. Martínez-Sánchez, and J. M. N. Vivó, “Participation and sharing economy: The spanish case of# compartirmola,” in Entrepreneurship, Business and Economics-Vol. 1, Springer, 2016, pp. 15–22.
K. Kuvshinov, J. Mostovoy, and I. Nikiforov, “Disciplina: Blockchain for Education.” 2018.
R. Arenas and P. Fernandez, “CredenceLedger: a permissioned blockchain for verifiable academic credentials,” in 2018 IEEE International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE/ITMC), 2018, pp. 1–6.
T. Alam and M. Benaida, “Blockchain and Internet of Things in Higher Education,” Univers. J. Educ. Res., vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 2164–2174, 2020.
A. Williams and E. Dolan, “Application of Blockchain Technology in e-LoA Technopreneurship Journal,” Aptisi Trans. Technopreneursh., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 98–103, 2020.
S. Chan, “Blockchain Based Professional Networking and Recruiting Platform.” .
B. Kitchenham and S. Charters, “Guidelines for performing systematic literature reviews in software engineering,” 2007.
A. S. de P. Crespo and L. I. C. García, “Stampery Blockchain Timestamping Architecture (BTA)-Version 6,” arXiv Prepr. arXiv1711.04709, 2017.
W. Gräther, S. Kolvenbach, R. Ruland, J. Schütte, C. Torres, and F. Wendland, “Blockchain for education: lifelong learning passport,” in Proceedings of 1st ERCIM Blockchain Workshop 2018, 2018.
U. Rahardja, A. N. Hidayanto, T. Hariguna, and Q. Aini, “Design Framework on Tertiary Education System in Indonesia Using Blockchain Technology,” in 2019 7th International Conference on Cyber and IT Service Management (CITSM), 2019, vol. 7, pp. 1–4.
U. Rahardja, Q. Aini, Y. I. Graha, and M. R. Tangkaw, “Gamification Framework Design of Management Education and Development in Industrial Revolution 4.0,” in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2019, vol. 1364, no. 1, p. 12035.
H. Elendner, S. Trimborn, B. Ong, and T. M. Lee, “The cross-section of crypto-currencies as financial assets: An overview,” SFB 649 Discussion paper, 2016.
D. J. Skiba, “The potential of Blockchain in education and health care,” Nurs. Educ. Perspect., vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 220–221, 2017.
Z. Zheng, S. Xie, H. Dai, X. Chen, and H. Wang, “An overview of blockchain technology: Architecture, consensus, and future trends,” in 2017 IEEE international congress on big data (BigData congress), 2017, pp. 557–564.
A. Kiayias, A. Russell, B. David, and R. Oliynykov, “Ouroboros: A provably secure proof-of-stake blockchain protocol,” in Annual International Cryptology Conference, 2017, pp. 357–388.
L. Luu, V. Narayanan, C. Zheng, K. Baweja, S. Gilbert, and P. Saxena, “A secure sharding protocol for open blockchains,” in Proceedings of the 2016 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security, 2016, pp. 17–30.